Do you want to know about mountain gorillas? Have you ever been on a mountain gorilla safari? we bring you facts about these endangered species. Presently, mountain gorillas are a focus for most if not all travelers on African safaris attracting the highest number of travelers from all over the world. Mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) are the largest living primates and the world’s most endangered apes. With only 880 mountain gorillas left in the world today. Mountain gorillas have longer hair and shorter arms than their lowland cousins.
Mountain gorillas tend to be larger than other gorillas. Gorillas can climb trees but are usually found on the ground in communities of up to 30-40 individuals. These troops are organized according to fascinating social structures. It is perhaps surprising that an animal as large and strong as the mountain gorilla is primarily an herbivore. Mountain gorillas eat over 100 different species of plants. They rarely need to drink since their diet is so rich in succulent herbs, from which they get their water. Humans and gorillas are 97.4% genetically identical.
It should be noted that the gorilla’s gestation period is about 8.5 months. Females usually give birth every four years. And usually, single infants are born with rear cases of Twins. There is a 40% mortality rate for newborns which means that an adult female usually only has one surviving offspring produced every six to eight years. Consequently, many females will only have two to six offspring in a lifetime. Female gorillas become mature enough to ovulate by the time they are 7-8 years old. While the males take longer and are capable of sexual activity only once they reach 15 years of age. All black back males are considered immature for any sexual interaction until they develop the silver saddle on their back.
It’s the females who initiate sexual courtship and not males. Which helps establish as to when exactly the female is ready. They will usually give birth to their first offspring by the time they are about 10-12 years old.
The menstrual cycle lasts for 28 days, out of which 1-3 days are fertile days.
A huge advantage female gorillas have is that their natural ovulation cycle stops temporarily for about 3-5 years after delivery, which allows the mother to focus completely on her newborn, without having to worry about further pregnancies.
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